It’s a rare occasion that a president gets to nominate two Supreme Court Justices in their first two years in office, but that’s the plate set before the president of the United States. While recent decisions regarding gay rights, labor unions, and travel bans seem to mirror the divisiveness in the United States, the court is actually more aligned down the middle and has reached unanimous decisions more frequently than in previous years. Presidents in the past have tried to stack the court with justices that align with their ideology, change the nature of the court, or balancing out the ideologies on the bench. Whatever the president decides, there is no doubt the eyes of the nation will be glued to congressional confirmation hearings. To help us contextualize what we’re seeing, and what we’re about to see, History 101 is going to take a trip through pivotal appointments that changed the court and history in the process.