May 27, 1994: Solzhenitsyn returns to Russia after being banished by Stalin
What would you do if you were kicked out of your country? Most people would vow to never return again, but Nobel laureate Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn made the hard choice to go back to his homeland. After being expelled for denouncing Stalin, Solzhenitsyn eventually returned to Russia once communism fell. Read on to find out why Solzhenitsyn came back to Russia.
Kicked out of the country
It all started in 1945. Solzhenitsyn was fed up with Stalin’s rule and sent a letter to his friend to complain about it. Once his attempts at free speech were discovered, he was hastily arrested for eight years. Forced to endure hard labor in prison, he was inspired to write a book about his experiences. Soon, his first novel One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich was released and garnered critical acclaim.
By 1970, Solzhenitsyn was recognized as a force to be reckoned with. At this time, he was granted the Nobel Prize for his extraordinary literary works. He also began to write the novel The Gulag Archipelago, which further explored the effects of totalitarianism on the Soviet Union. This book was widely published and reached international audiences. As a result, Solzhenitsyn was actually kicked out of Russia in 1974. He relocated to the United States and continued his work.
20 years after his expulsion, Solzhenitsyn made a return trip to Russia. In 1990, the USSR officially let go off their treason charges again him. The following year, the Soviet Union fell. Finally, the famous author was able to come back home on May 27, 1994. Once there, he carried on writing his incendiary literature that condemned the Russian government after Soviet rule. On August 3, 2008, he passed away from heart failure in Moscow at age 89. Fortunately, his social impact and literary work will live on forever.