June 26, 1945: United Nations Charter signed in San Francisco
We’ve all heard of the United Nations (U.N.), but do you know how it got started? Established in 1945, it’s basically a supergroup of the world’s best politicians fighting against war and inequality. Originally formed to combat the Axis powers during World War II, its mission has expanded to include rescuing “succeeding generations from the scourge of war.” Read on to learn more about the day that the U.N. charter was signed in San Francisco.
The formation of the U.N. wasn’t exactly a new idea. During World War I, the League of Nations was created to handle the constant crisis of war. Unfortunately, they were unable to mediate the growing problems that led to World War II. As a result, “the powers that be” were already discussing the founding of the U.N. back in 1941.
Signed, sealed, delivered
The revolutionary plan began to gain steam when President Franklin D. Roosevelt and English Prime Minister Winston Churchill penned the Atlantic Charter in late 1941. As a result of these new guidelines for global unity, Roosevelt officially spawned the term “United Nations” for the group of Allies who fought against the Axis powers. After years of deliberation, the time had finally come for the international peace organization to come into fruition
Liberty and justice for all
On June 26, 1945, representatives from 50 different countries gathered at San Francisco’s Herbst Theater to sign the U.N. Charter. After the document was inked, it was ratified in October 1945. From then on, the U.N. General Assembly had their first meeting in London, England in January 1946. The intergovernmental organization has even received over 10 Nobel Peace Prize awards since it came into existence. Although it received its last award in 2001, we have a feeling that there’s more to come!